Approximately one of every four children ages 2 to 5 years in the United States has a high (>85th percentile) body mass index and about one in 10 is obese (>95th percentile). North Carolina ranks 5th worst in the US for childhood obesity.
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poverty programs. Using time-series data from client files at participating non-profit food pantries, we created profiles of over 500 individuals accessing private, non-profit food assistance from 2005-2008, representing almost 3,966 separate visits. One of the central factors we are considering is whether or not the recipients are already participating in food stamps, the primary government food assistance program. We also focus on the role of employment and household situation, as well as a variety of household and demographic factors. We find the typical client is African American. There is not a typical family size – clients are about as likely to come from a large family as a small one. Pantry clients re port a median income that is 23 percent less than the median county income and 29 percent less than the state median. A client typically visited a pantry 4 times, although a large share visited much more often.
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In the United States 45 percent of children under 18 – 32.4 million – live in low-income families.
People who live in a household affected by food insecurity do not always know where they will find their next meal. By contrast, food security for a household means access by all members at all times to enough food for an active, healthy life.
In North Carolina, two-thirds of all adults (65.7%) are overweight or obese. People in poor and low-income households are at risk for obesity because they have limited resources to purchase and often lack of access to healthy, affordable foods. They have fewer opportunities for physical activity, high levels of stress and limited access to health care. Food deprivation may lead to overeating once food becomes available which can also cause weight gain. Low-income youth and adults are exposed to disproportionately more marketing and advertising for obesity-promoting products.
Source: Food Research and Action Center
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